The world's population is expected to rise to more than 9 billion by 2050. The UN's Food Administration Organisation (FAO) estimates that, in this scenario, food production needs to increase by 70% . Yet scaling global agriculture at this rate could result in an environmental disaster. Further deforestation, spreading deserts as well as toxification of soil and water, would be the consequence . AeroFarms provides a sustainable alternative to conventional agriculture. The company has built indoor farms that can produce food locally using a technology called "aeroponics." Plants are not growing in soil, but in air canals sprayed with water mist. This provides the roots with the necessary water to grow. The company claims this method reduces water consumption by 95% compared to field farming . AeroFarms doesn't rely on toxic chemicals to fight pests as the enclosed growing method serves as a natural way to keep crops pest-free .
Our annual American Food Heroes list honors 12 people doing extraordinary things to make food better in our country—whether it's through food policy, sustainability initiatives or life-saving nutrition research.